Tone Production Variables
There are several basic types of embouchures
- The smile
- The frown
- The circle
- Dropped jaw (chinless embouchure)
Each type has it’s advantages and disadvantages. Each type can be fixed or flexible. The non-fixed smile or the frown the jaws will be closer together but can quickly morph to the circle with the corners of the mouth moving inward. This is the primary mechanism by which we drop into a lower register.
Common Embouchure Problems
- Lips pulled tightly over teeth.
- Incorrect lip roll in/out for register.
- Jaw too closed.
- Jaw too closed/open for register.
- Incorrect lip position on blade for register.
Air Speed/Air Pressure
Oral Cavity/Vowel Shape
- Fixed vowel shape.
- Incorrect vowel for register.
- Inwardly locked and fixed abdominal muscles.
- Shallow breathing/incomplete breath.
- Incorrect push point for register.
- Incorrect air speed for register.
- Incorrect balance of air speed and vowel shape.
Tone Production Exercises
Biofeedback for Blowing
“Tone Up” Exercise